The recently discovered Homo longi lineage may be our closest relative. The findings have the potential to reshape our understanding of human evolution.
High resolution imaging reveals the human cerebellum is 80% of the area of the cortex. The findings indicate this area of the brain likely grew larger as human behavior and cognition evolved.
Oxytocin, a hormone commonly associated with love and bonding in humans, causes starfish to turn their stomachs inside-out to feed. The findings provide vital new evidence for the evolutionary role of oxytocin and vasopressin neuropeptides as regulators of feeding in animals.
A new study in Scientific Reports finds evidence from MRI scans suggests Neanderthal derived genetic variations affect how the brains of modern humans work. Findings may shed light on specific deficits seen in ASD and schizophrenia, researchers believe.
The human ability to recognize patterns in pitch and tempo may emerge from pre-existing abilities in other species.
A new study reveals portions of the human skeletal structure evolved millions of years earlier than previously believed.
Researchers have identified 40 new genes they believe are related to aggressive behavior in both humans and mice. The findings deepen understanding of the genetic basis of aggressiveness.
The fossil of a 525-million-year-old tiny sea creature with a preserved nervous system may solve a century-long debate about how the brains of arthropods evolved.
Study points to the evolutionary and developmental similarities between sensory cells in the inner ear and skin.
Princeton researchers discover a genetic basis for hyper-social behavior in people and dogs.