A new genetic study reveals the evolution of longevity and larger brains in capuchin monkeys.
By altering the NOVA1 gene, researchers were able to "Neanderthal-izes" a brain organoid model. Study reveals there is only a one gene difference between the modern human brain and that of our extinct ancestors.
The evolutionary development for both human and primate brains may have been similar for communication and memory.
Study reveals a new role for serotonin in the development of the human neocortex. Serotonin acts cell-extrinsically as a growth factor for basal progenitors in the developing neocortex. Researchers report placenta-driven serotonin likely contributed to the evolutionary expansion of the neocortex in humans.
Researchers have identified a brain pathway between the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and the inferior temporal cortex which enables primates to effortlessly identify objects in their field of vision.
When the expression of the ER-alpha gene was blocked in white-throated sparrows, the level of aggression they exhibited decreased.
The inferior temporal cortex is capable of performing tasks, such as distinguishing between real and nonsense words and picking out specific letters from words.
High resolution imaging reveals the human cerebellum is 80% of the area of the cortex. The findings indicate this area of the brain likely grew larger as human behavior and cognition evolved.