Using bioluminescent proteins from a jellyfish, scientists lit up the inside of a neuron, capturing spectacular video footage that shows the movement of proteins throughout the cell. The video offers a rare peek at how proteins, the brain's building blocks, are directed through neurons to renew its structure.
Frequently, as many as one thousand signals rain down on a single neuron simultaneously. To ensure that precise signals are delivered, the brain possesses a sophisticated inhibitory system. Scientists have now illuminated how this system works.
Working with mice, Johns Hopkins researchers say they have developed a gene-based therapy to stop the rodent equivalent of the autoimmune disease myasthenia gravis by specifically targeting the destructive immune response the disorder triggers in the body.
Cancer treatment vaccine research leads to remission in a child with a relapsed neuroblastoma.
Researchers have identified a molecular program which spurs the growth of neuronal output connections.
A new study finds protein synthesis in dendrites could be responsible for long-term memory formation in the brain, in addition to other functions.
Axon pruning becomes reactivated in neurodegenerative diseases, a new study finds.
Researchers show dendrites actively process information, multiplying the brain's "computing power". The findings could help provide better understanding of neurological disorders.