Mouse study reveals the antibiotic azlocillin completely kills off the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria at the onset of Lyme disease. Findings also suggest the drug could be effective for treating patients infected with drug-tolerant bacteria that may cause lingering symptoms.
Study identifies a short gene segment crucial for brain development and information processing. The absence of the gene segment induces altered social behaviors, learning difficulties, and memory deficits, which are hallmarks of a subset of ASD.
Study reveals how abnormal brain activity and memory are linked in those with epilepsy. The findings could lead to better treatments for cognitive impairment associated with epilepsy.
Previous studies have documented how infection during pregnancy can increase the risk of ASD and a range of psychiatric disorders in the offspring. A new study reveals how maternal infections can affect neural development and how the timing of infection plays a critical role in elevating the risks of mental health conditions.
Human hookworm infection, even at low levels, can cause rapid, acute and measurable cognitive impairments. Using rodent models, researchers found a link between the parasitic infection and alterations in both the microbiome and cognitive development.
Older adults with mild cognitive impairment who practiced mindful meditation for 20 minutes a day were more likely to have an understanding of the underlying concepts of mindfulness. The study demonstrates memory impairments associated with MCI do not preclude learning mindfulness skills.
HIV can persist in the nervous system, even when the virus is suppressed. Even when the virus is suppressed, neurocognitive problems associated with the infection can persist.
An association has been discovered between cognitive decline and social engagement in older adults. Older people who are less socially active have a greater accumulation of amyloid beta and increased cognitive decline over a three-year span, compared to more socially active peers.
Teenagers who were exposed to alcohol while in the womb are more likely to have disruptions in neural connections through the corpus callosum, which can lead to cognitive impairment and a range of neurological, and psychological disorders. Researchers recommend pregnant women completely abstain from drinking alcohol.
During sepsis, the body sheds fragments of heparan sulfate, which crossed the blood-brain barrier and enters the hippocampus. The presence of heparan sulfate in the hippocampus may cause memory loss associated with septic shock.