Researchers have identified a region of the thalamus that helps us switch between appropriate behavior required for different contexts.
Cognitive flexibility, an ability to switch between different concepts, or adapt behavior to achieve goals in a novel or changing environment, is a key player in both learning and creativity.
Researchers argue the existing categorical framework for mental illnesses needs to be revised, citing a substantial overlap between disorders, with most patients meeting the criteria for multiple disorders.
Researchers report rats exposed to phthalates, both while in the womb and through lactation, had fewer neurons and synapses than peers who were not exposed to the plasticizing chemicals. Additionally, the phthalate exposed rats showed deficits in cognitive flexibility.