Stress, anxiety, and depression during pregnancy were associated with altered key features in fetal brain development, resulting in decreased cognitive offspring in a child at 18 months of age.
The duration of a baby's crying decreases significantly after five weeks of age, but crying remains an important part of a child's communication repertoire after the age of six months.
Children who attend school close to busy roads and traffic are more likely to experience deficits in working memory and attention, a new study reports.
Children who sleep less than 9 hours per night have significant differences in brain regions associated with memory, intelligence, and well-being compared to their peers who sleep 9 or more hours per night. Less sleep in children was also associated with increased risks of depression, anxiety, and impulsive behaviors.