Researchers report sticking to a very low carb diet could potentially help to improve mental function in those with Kabuki syndrome, a rare, inherited disease.
Using artificial intelligence, researchers discover mutations in noncoding regions of the human genome that may result in autism. The noncoding mutations are associated with altered gene regulation in children with ASD. Additionally, the mutations affect gene expression in the brain and genes already linked to autism, such as those responsible for neuron development and migration.
Engram cells encode details of memories as they are formed. These cells become reactivated when a memory is recalled. The process is controlled by remodeling of chromatin in the cells.
Researchers have succeeded in inducing one species of flatworm to grow heads and brains characteristic of another species of flatworm without altering genomic sequence.
Researchers have created a map of gene regulation in human cortical neurogenesis. The study reveals a number of factors that govern brain growth and the development of some brain disorders.
Researchers have identified a molecule in white matter that prevents the brain from repairing itself following injury. By blocking the production of the molecule, researchers say it may allow an effective pathway for neuroregeneration.
Blood vessels can sense the metabolic state of nearby neurons. An imbalance of fatty acids is sensed by neural blood vessels, stimulating them to mount a stress response by loosening the blood-brain barrier. If the imbalance remains, the leaky blood-brain barrier can induce a disease state.