NG2-glia, a newly discovered type of brain cell that can renew itself is regulated by circadian rhythms. The findings shed new light on how the body's circadian clock can promote healing following a traumatic brain injury.
Stress, anxiety, and depression in pregnant women is associated with social and behavioral problems in their offspring. Neuroimaging reveals fetuses whose mothers were anxious had weaker connectivity between brain areas associated with executive and cognitive function.
When the hormone allopregnanolone (ALLO) abruptly decreases or stops during pregnancy, children are more likely to develop autism. Researchers report a single ALLO injection during pregnancy can avert the brain abnormalities and social behaviors associated with ASD in experimental mouse models of autism.