By the age of 18 months, toddlers prefer individuals others yield to, researchers say. The study suggests this preference may be rooted deep in human nature and may have evolved because being close to those in power provides people with better access to resources, territory and mates.
Researchers have identified a common denominator for 'dark' personality traits they have dubbed the D-factor. D-factor, researchers report, can be defined as the general tendency to maximize personal goals and interests over those of another, often to the extent of taking pleasure in hurting others.
According to researchers, when faced with high stakes decision making tasks, people are more likely to lose sight of personal morality, leading to more cheating and less charitable efforts.
Using a Siamese neural network, a new deep learning system dubbed Ghostwriter is able to distinguish the writing styles between different texts. The algorithm compares a student's current written work against past examples of their prose, providing a percentage score for similar writing styles. The new system could be used to determine if a student has plagiarized their work, or if it is an original piece.
Study ties morality and empathy into a single construct.
People tend to cheat for personal gain as a result of an innate propensity to cheat rather than due to external factors. Researchers say scarcity had no significant impact on cheating behaviors when the beneficiaries are the subjects themselves.
Males and females view physical and emotional cheating differently. Women consider emotional affairs to be more serious, and men believe physical infidelity to be more serious generally. Researchers report if one partner feels their relationship is threatened by cheating, it is harder for them to forgive infidelity, regardless of gender.
Both men and women play a role in perpetuating attitudes toward sex that are hypocritical and logically inconsistent, researchers say.