Study reveals how abnormal brain activity and memory are linked in those with epilepsy. The findings could lead to better treatments for cognitive impairment associated with epilepsy.
10% of patients diagnosed with Parkinson's disease are between the ages of 21 and 50. For those with young-onset Parkinson's disease, researchers report the foundations for the disease may have been apparent before they were born. The study also points to a drug, currently approved to treat precancerous skin growths, that has the potential to reduce elevated levels of alpha-synuclein.
According to researchers, dopamine neurons may play a key role in the formation of episodic memory. The findings could help in the development of new treatments for neurodegenerative disorders that affect memory.
A set of neurons in the subthalamic nucleus have been implicated in canceling planned behaviors or actions.
Researchers report transplanting altered neural stem cells into the brains of mice genetically engineered to exhibit symptoms of ALS, delayed the progression of the disease and extended lifespan.
Using induced pluripotent stem cells derived from patients with neurodegenerative disorders, researcher recreated the blood-brain barrier inside Organ-Chips.
Increasing levels of the MFN1 protein counterbalances mutated MFN2, reducing symptoms associated with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease and neurodegeneration in mouse models.
A synthetic, non-toxic form of scorpion venom helps illuminate brain tumors when stimulated by a near-infrared laser. A clinical trial of the agent showed it to be safe for use in brain cancer patients.
A new study reveals long term exposure of particulate matter in air pollution triggered the appearance of cancer related genes and inflammation in the brains of rats. The study provides additional insight into the health effects of air pollution.
18% of new patients treated at two Los Angeles hospitals for multiple sclerosis were misdiagnosed with the autoimmune disease. The misdiagnosed patients were often treated unnecessarily with medications designed for MS. From their findings, researchers report the most common alternative diagnosis was migraine.
Researchers report the retina may provide clues as to those at risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. A new study reports amyloid plaques have been discovered in peripheral areas of the retina in Alzheimer's patients. The amount of retinal plaques correlated with the amount of amyoid plaques in specific brain areas.
Researchers report transplanting bone marrow from young mice to older mice helps to preserve memory and learning skills. If the findings can be replicated in humans, researchers believe new therapies can be devised to help combat disorders associated with brain aging.