Astrocytes harbor HIV and spread the virus to CD4+ T cells that traffic the virus out of the brain and into other organs. HIV moves via this route, even when the virus is suppressed with cART.
Organ-on-a-chip models reveal how different tissue contribute to inflammatory diseases such as ulcerative colitis.
Australian researchers have mapped immune responses from one of the country's first COVID-19 patients. The findings shed light on how the immune system fights the virus and assists in recovery from the virus.
Chronic hypoxia can induce an inflammatory response with concomitant demyelination that can lead to future behavioral deficits, a new study reports.
A new study identifies a possible genetic mechanism that causes a quicker progression of multiple sclerosis. The absence of Tob1 in CD4+ T cells is key to early onset of a more aggressive form of MS.