A small cluster of neurons in the brainstem regulates tempo and coordinates vocalization with breathing.
Neural networks that are directly responsible for the coordination of walking movements are located in the spinal cord. A specific group of neurons in the brainstem signal to the spinal cord and control direction.
Researchers have identified a population of neurons in the brainstem which are essential for mice to stop their locomotion.
Neuroscientists have believed that three brain regions are critical for self-awareness: the insular cortex, the anterior cingulate cortex, and the medial prefrontal cortex. Patient R is helping a research team show that self-awareness is more a product of a diffuse patchwork of pathways in the brain—including other regions—rather than confined to specific areas.
A new study reveals the prefrontal cortex may play a role in coordinating the level of consciousness through the cholinergic system.