Patients with Corpus Callosum Dysgenesis (CCD), a genetic condition marked by incomplete development of the connecting structures between the brain hemispheres, have distinct reconfiguration of their neural connections, researchers report.
Analysis of over 2,000 brain scans revealed evidence of highly reproducible sex differences in the volume of different regions of the brain. On average, females had greater cortical volume in the medial and lateral prefrontal cortex, orbitofrontal cortex, superior temporal cortex, and lateral parietal cortex. Males had increased volume in the ventral temporal and occipital brain regions. Gene expression data suggest the potential role of sex chromosomes that contribute to the differences.
Cortical anatomy is not represented by fixed differences between those with ASD and peers not on the autism spectrum. However, differences in symptom profiles and severity, age and cognitive ability are related to brain differences specific to ASD alone.
Gray matter volume in the dosolateral and ventromedial prefrontal cortex predicts whether you will choose a health food option or not, researchers report.
According to researchers, the adult brain may be sensitive to social and economic factors. Researchers report in middle age, better socioeconomic status is associated with more efficient brain network organization and thicker gray matter.
A new study reveals our brains undergo microstructural changes from early to mid adulthood. Researchers say they can accurately estimate a person's age by looking at their brain structure.
A new study reports researchers have identified a link between academic achievement, parental income and cortical thickness in children.