Insulin binding receptors are predominantly located in the microvessels within the blood-brain barrier. In patients with Alzheimer's, the abundance of these receptors is decreased. This decrease could lead to the loss of insulin response in the Alzheimer's brain.
Researchers have developed drug-carrying nanoparticles that cross the blood-brain barrier, allowing for more effective delivery to the brain than conventional medications. The nanoparticles can get into tumors and kill glioblastoma brain cancer cells.
People with schizophrenia and other neuropsychiatric disorders may have a more permissive blood-brain barrier which allows the immune system to become more actively involved in the central nervous system. The resulting inflammation may contribute to the clinical manifestation of psychosis-like symptoms.
Separating vascular cell data based on sex helps researchers make new discoveries about why males and females are affected by neurodegenerative diseases differently. Findings point to differences in the blood-brain barrier between males and females.