Breast milk may help train the circadian clock in young babies. The hormonal composition of breast milk changes throughout the day, with cortisol levels being higher in the morning and melatonin levels being higher at night.
Cortisol levels are higher in women who give birth during winter months. The findings shed light on why mental health disorders are more common in those born during colder seasons.
The neural basis for a preference of yawning is apparent in babies as young as 5 months.
A new study reveals why most people prefer to cradle a baby on the left side.
By eleven months, infants hold language dependent expectations of a speaker's ethnicity. The study suggests babies make connections between languages based on the individuals they encounter in their environments.
Study finds a correlation with early infant gut microbiota composition and temperament traits in toddlers. Positive emotionality was associated with higher Streptococcus and Bifidobacterium levels, while negative and fear reactivity was associated with reduced bacterial diversity.
A new deep learning algorithm, based on automatic speech recognition, is able to accurately identify features in an infant's cry and differentiate between normal versus abnormal cry signals.
Including genomic sequencing with routine newborn testing could reveal the risk a child has of developing numerous conditions later in life. Researchers weigh up the pros and cons of genetic sequencing in newborns.
An eye-tracking study of 10-month-old infants reveals children later diagnosed on the autism spectrum seldom initiate joint attention. Findings suggest children with ASD already have reduced social motivation as infants.
A new study reports babies' brains are sensitive to different emotional tones they hear in voices. Researchers suggest maternal interactions may help to shape the same brain region adults use for emotional processing.
Researchers used non invasive MRI brain scans to map the brains of newborns. The study reveals the brain architecture that emerges as the brain reshapes during the third trimester of pregnancy. The map can be used to detect atypical connections in the brain that serve as biomarkers for ASD.