Researchers report that, following a stroke, mapping the brain's white matter connections in addition to imaging tissue damage could help to predict which patients will have language deficits and how severe they may be.
A new study reports white matter structure can predict an infant's cognitive abilities and functions at the ages of 1 and 2.
Researchers provide a comprehensive map of transport in mammalian axons.
Glial cells not only control the speed of nerve conduction, but they also influence the precision of signal transduction.
Schwann cells are much more prolific in generating myelin than previously believed. Knocking out the fbxw7 gene in mouse models, researchers discovered individual Schwann cells began to spread myelin across many axons.
Using bioluminescent proteins from a jellyfish, scientists lit up the inside of a neuron, capturing spectacular video footage that shows the movement of proteins throughout the cell. The video offers a rare peek at how proteins, the brain's building blocks, are directed through neurons to renew its structure.
According to researchers, taking music lessons can increase brain fiber connections in children. Music lessons may also prove a useful tool in treating Autism and ADHD.
Researchers show dendrites actively process information, multiplying the brain's "computing power". The findings could help provide better understanding of neurological disorders.