Sleep loss leads to negativity bias, negative mood and impaired emotional regulation.
Exposure to allergic inflammation, while in utero, increased mast cell and microglia activation, leading to masculinization of dendritic spine density in the preoptic area of females. During adulthood, females exposed to allergic inflammation showed an increase in more masculine behaviors.
Researchers have found significant changes in the brain make up of fetuses and newborn rats exposed to allergens during pregnancy.
Combining a tetanus vaccine with a virus particle may prove effective as a protection against Alzheimer's. The vaccine could also be used to treat allergies and psoriasis, researchers report.
Researchers have identified an association between antibiotics administered to children aged two and under, and an increased risk of ongoing conditions ranging from ADHD to obesity. Children exposed to numerous courses of antibiotics as toddlers were more likely to be diagnosed with continuous conditions later in childhood. The study speculates that while antibiotics may only have a transient effect on the developing microbiome, this may have an impact on long-term illness.
Researchers have successfully blocked an immune system protein with an antibody to stop itching associated with poison ivy contact.
The chances of having asthma are three times higher in teenagers who go to bed late at night compared to those who sleep earlier. The risk of allergic rhinitis is two times higher for late sleepers. Researchers say they can not be certain that staying up late is a cause for asthma, however, they note melatonin is often out of sync in late sleepers, and that could be an influential factor in the allergic response.
Allergic reactions can be triggered with, or without, exposure to the allergen as the result of a psychologically conditioned reaction. The findings explain why some allergic reactions are observed as a form of placebo reaction when the original allergen is not present.
Depression during pregnancy can directly influence the development of the immune system in children. Children whose mothers reported symptoms of prenatal depression had lower levels of immunoglobulin A in their guts. Lower immunity placed babies at risk of respiratory and gastrointestinal infections, as well as allergies and asthma. Additionally, children may face an increased risk of depression, obesity, and autoimmune diseases as they age.
Researchers report 11.25% of children with ASD have food allergies, significantly higher than the 4.25% of children who suffer allergies without an autism diagnosis. The study adds to the growing body of evidence linking immunological dysfunction as a possible risk factor for ASD.
A new study reveals an increased risk of psychological and physiological disorders in high IQ people compared to national averages. Researchers report 20% of Mensa members, with an IQ of 130 and over, have a diagnosed anxiety disorder, compared to 10% of the general public.