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New Neuron Dynamics Model Better Fitted to the Biological Reality

Summary: New model of neuron dynamics is not only more biologically relevant, it also provides a better insight into neurovascular dynamics.

Source: Springer.

Scientists have now adopted a qualitative theoretical neuroscience model commensurate with actual measurements of neurons’ dynamics.

Neuroscientists are currently working diligently to understand the dynamics of thousands of coupled neurons. Understanding how they operate requires accurate models. The trouble is that each of the existing neuroscience models has its own shortcomings. Russian physicists have, for the first time, developed an effective method for solving the equations of a well-known theoretical neuroscience dynamic model and make it more biologically relevant. These findings have just been published in EPJ Plus by Eugene Postnikov and Olga Titkova from Kursk State University, Russia. They could not only help resolve problems in the neurosciences, but could also provide a deeper understanding of neuronal activity in the emerging sector of neurovascular dynamics, which describes the interplay between the brain’s neurons and the blood flow.

The most biologically accurate neuroscience model is the 1952 Hodgkin-Huxley model (HH), which garnered its inventors the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine. This model provides an understanding of neurons’ dynamics as physical objects similar to electric circuits. By contrast, the most widespread theoretical model is the FitzHugh-Nagumo model (FHN), a qualitative model reproducing the main features of neuronal dynamics patterns without providing quantifiable biological information.

Previous attempts at modelling neuronal activity in actual brains involved combining the electrical currents within microscopic compartments for each of thousands of individuals neurons. Instead, the authors started from the macroscopic solutions of a simplified version of the biologically accurate HH model, which reflects the measurement in a nerve of the global voltage of neuron spikes evolving over time.

Image shows a brain made up of neuron like lights.

Previous attempts at modelling neuronal activity in actual brains involved combining the electrical currents within microscopic compartments for each of thousands of individuals neurons. Neurosciencenews image is for illustrative purposes only.

They then changed the parameters of the FHN model so that the key features of its graphical output matched those of the actual voltage curve recorded in the neuron. The authors demonstrated that, in order for the FHN model to resemble the biological reality as closely as possible, it needs to include dependence on external currents. This property provides valuable insights into the dynamics of coupled neuronal systems.

About this neuroscience research article

Source: Sabine Lehr – Springer
Image Source: This NeuroscienceNews.com image is in the public domain.
Original Research: Abstract for “A correspondence between the models of Hodgkin-Huxley and FitzHugh-Nagumo revisited” by Eugene B. PostnikovE and Olga V. Titkova in European Physics Journal Plus. Published online November 24 2016 doi:10.1140/epjp/i2016-16411-1

Cite This NeuroscienceNews.com Article
Springer. “New Neuron Dynamics Model Better Fitted to the Biological Reality.” NeuroscienceNews. NeuroscienceNews, 1 December 2016.
<http://neurosciencenews.com/neuron-dynamic-model-neuroscience-5681/>.
Springer. (2016, December 1). New Neuron Dynamics Model Better Fitted to the Biological Reality. NeuroscienceNews. Retrieved December 1, 2016 from http://neurosciencenews.com/neuron-dynamic-model-neuroscience-5681/
Springer. “New Neuron Dynamics Model Better Fitted to the Biological Reality.” http://neurosciencenews.com/neuron-dynamic-model-neuroscience-5681/ (accessed December 1, 2016).

Abstract

A correspondence between the models of Hodgkin-Huxley and FitzHugh-Nagumo revisited

We present the discussion on the possibility to scale the classical dimensionless FitzHugh-Nagumo model of neuronal self-sustained oscillations to the range of variables corresponding to the results, which are provided by the biophysically relevant reduced two-dimensional Hodgkin-Huxley equations (the Rinzel model). It is shown that there exists a relatively simple choice of affine transformation, which results in time-dependent solutions, which reproduce with a high accuracy the time course of the recovery variable and the sharp onsets (intervals of fast motions on a phase trajectories) of the voltage spikes. As for the latter, the reasons for unavoidable difference are discussed as well as a necessity of taking into account applied current values during such a scaling procedure.

“A correspondence between the models of Hodgkin-Huxley and FitzHugh-Nagumo revisited” by Eugene B. PostnikovE and Olga V. Titkova in European Physics Journal Plus. Published online November 24 2016 doi: 10.1140/epjp/i2016-16411-1

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