Neuroscience News wrote a new post, Study First to Use Brain Scans to Forecast Early Reading Difficulties, on the site Neuroscience News 10 hours, 46 minutes ago
Brain’s white matter highly predictive of reading acquisition beyond effects of genetic predisposition.
UC San Francisco researchers have used brain scans to predict how young children learn to read, giving clinicians a possible tool to spot children with dyslexia and other reading difficulties before they experience reading challenges.
Neuroscience News wrote a new post, EEG Study Findings Reveal How Fear is Processed in the Brain, on the site Neuroscience News 11 hours, 51 minutes ago
An estimated 8% of Americans will suffer from post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at some point during their lifetime. Brought on by an overwhelming or stressful event or events, PTSD is the result of altered chemistry and physiology of the brain. Understanding how threat is processed in a normal brain versus one altered by PTSD is essential to…[Read more]
Neuroscience News wrote a new post, Neuroscientists Identify Key Role of Language Gene, on the site Neuroscience News 12 hours, 48 minutes ago
Mutation that arose long ago may be key to humans’ unique ability to produce and understand speech.
Neuroscientists have found that a gene mutation that arose more than half a million years ago may be key to humans’ unique ability to produce and understand speech.
Researchers from MIT and several European universities have shown that the…[Read more]
SDSU psychologist Sarah Mattson was part of a recent study which found that symptoms of autism were unusually common in people with Jacobsen syndrome.
A rare genetic disorder known as Jacobsen syndrome has been linked with autism, according to a recent joint investigation by researchers at San Diego State University and the University of…[Read more]
Neuroscience News wrote a new post, Researchers Find Neural Compensation in People with Alzheimers Related Protein, on the site Neuroscience News 14 hours, 45 minutes ago
The human brain is capable of a neural workaround that compensates for the buildup of beta-amyloid, a destructive protein associated with Alzheimer’s disease, according to a new study led by UC Berkeley researchers.
The findings, published Sept. 14 in the journal Nature Neuroscience, could help explain how some older adults with beta-amyloid…[Read more]
Neuroscience News wrote a new post, Sleep Disorders Widely Undiagnosed in Individuals with Multiple Sclerosis, on the site Neuroscience News 3 days, 12 hours ago
In what may be the largest study of sleep problems among individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS), researchers at UC Davis have found that widely undiagnosed sleep disorders may be at the root of the most common and disabling symptom of the disease: fatigue.
Conducted in over 2,300 individuals in Northern California with multiple sclerosis, the…[Read more]
Neuroscience News wrote a new post, Brain Inflammation Dramatically Disrupts Memory Retrieval Networks, on the site Neuroscience News 3 days, 13 hours ago
Research sheds light on cognitive losses seen with chemotherapy, autoimmune diseases.
Brain inflammation can rapidly disrupt our ability to retrieve complex memories of similar but distinct experiences, according to UC Irvine neuroscientists Jennifer Czerniawski and John Guzowski.
Their study – which appears today in The Journal of…[Read more]
Using a zebrafish model of a human genetic disease called neurofibromatosis (NF1), a team from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania has found that the learning and memory components of the disorder are distinct features that will likely need different treatment approaches. They published their results this month in…[Read more]
Humans with autism often show a reduced frequency of social interactions and an increased tendency to engage in repetitive solitary behaviors. Autism has also been linked to dysfunction of the amygdala, a brain structure involved in processing emotions. Now Caltech researchers have discovered antagonistic neuron populations in the mouse amygdala…[Read more]
Neuroscience News wrote a new post, Scientists Discover Neurochemical Imbalance in Schizophrenia, on the site Neuroscience News 4 days, 10 hours ago
Using human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs), researchers at Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at University of California, San Diego have discovered that neurons from patients with schizophrenia secrete higher amounts of three neurotransmitters broadly implicated in a range of psychiatric disorders.
The findings,…[Read more]
Neuroscience News wrote a new post, Scientists Map White Matter Connections Within the Human Brain, on the site Neuroscience News 4 days, 13 hours ago
Roughly 100 trillion connections between neurons make it possible for the brain to function. Psychology Professor Brian Wandell’s group has devised a technique for mapping these connections with greater accuracy than ever before.
To see, think or feel, the 100 billion neurons in our brain must exchange messages. These are transmitted over some…[Read more]
Neuroscience News wrote a new post, Cells Put off Protein Production During Times of Stress, on the site Neuroscience News 4 days, 15 hours ago
High error rate on production line triggers slowdown.
Living cells are like miniature factories, responsible for the production of more than 25,000 different proteins with very specific 3-D shapes. And just as an overwhelmed assembly line can begin making mistakes, a stressed cell can end up producing misshapen proteins that are unfolded or…[Read more]
Neuroscience News wrote a new post, New Study Examines Impact of Violent Media on the Brain, on the site Neuroscience News 5 days, 12 hours ago
Exposure to violence has a different effect on people with aggressive traits.
With the longstanding debate over whether violent movies cause real world violence as a backstop, a study published today in PLOS One found that each person’s reaction to violent images depends on that individual’s brain circuitry, and on how aggressive they were to…[Read more]
Neuroscience News wrote a new post, Research Shows How Brain Can Tell Magnitude of Errors, on the site Neuroscience News 5 days, 13 hours ago
University of Pennsylvania researchers have made another advance in understanding how the brain detects errors caused by unexpected sensory events. This type of error detection is what allows the brain to learn from its mistakes, which is critical for improving fine motor control.
Their previous work explained how the brain can distinguish true…[Read more]
Pollution in many cities threatens the brain development in children.
Findings by University of Montana Professor Dr. Lilian Calderón-Garcidueñas, MA, MD, Ph.D., and her team of researchers reveal that children living in megacities are at increased risk for brain inflammation and neurodegenerative changes, including Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s…[Read more]
Neuroscience News wrote a new post, MRI Shows Gray Matter Myelin Loss Strongly Related to MS Disability, on the site Neuroscience News 5 days, 15 hours ago
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) lose myelin in the gray matter of their brains and the loss is closely correlated with the severity of the disease, according to a new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study. Researchers said the findings could have important applications in clinical trials and treatment monitoring. The study appears online in…[Read more]
Neuroscience News wrote a new post, Estrogen Receptor Expression May Help Explain Why More Males Have Autism, on the site Neuroscience News 6 days, 11 hours ago
The same sex hormone that helps protect females from stroke may also reduce their risk of autism, scientists say.
In the first look at a potential role of the female sex hormone in autism, researchers at the Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University have found expression of estrogen receptor beta – which enables estrogen’s potent…[Read more]
Some people avoid risks at all costs, while others will put their wealth, health, and safety at risk without a thought. Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have found that the volume of the parietal cortex in the brain could predict where people fall on the risk-taking spectrum.
Led by Ifat Levy, assistant professor in comparative medicine…[Read more]
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